Response, Relief and Recovery

The ‘response’ to an emergency refers to action taken to minimise the consequences of the event. These actions might include firefighting, rescue and evacuation. Emergency ‘relief’ refers to the provision of essential needs to individuals and families in the immediate aftermath of the event. ‘Recovery’ after an emergency describes measures taken to assist people and communities affected by the emergency to achieve a proper and effective level of functioning.1

Typically, relief and recovery follow on sequentially from the response phase of an emergency.