Endnotes

  1. Cliff T2075:22 – T2076:14
  2. Written submission of GDF Suez, 18 June 2014, para. 61
  3. World Coal Association n.d., Coal & Electricity, WCA, London, viewed 11 July 2014, http://www.worldcoal.org/coal/uses-of-coal/coal-electricity/
  4. Exhibit 38 – Statement of Paul Torre, para. 27
  5. Campbell T1131:1-3
  6. Exhibit 91 – Expert report of David Cliff, para. 2
  7. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 7
  8. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 5
  9. Exhibit 46 – Statement of Rosemary Lester, para. 31
  10. Exhibit 32 – Statement of John Merritt, para. 40
  11. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, para. 23
  12. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, pp. 10-11
  13. Exhibit 38 – Second statement of Paul Torre, para. 40
  14. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 11
  15. Adapted from Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 17
  16. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 17
  17. Department of the Environment 2005, Air quality fact sheet Carbon Monoxide, DE Parkes, viewed 7 July 2014, http://www.environment.gov.au/resource/carbon-monoxide-co
  18. Campbell T1230:13-21
  19. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 40
  20. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 42
  21. United States Environmental Protection Agency 2013, Particulate Matter – Basics, US EPA, Washington DC viewed 21 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/airquality/particulatematter/basic.html; United States of America Department of Energy, n.d., DOE Supports Air Quality Studies to Assess Airborne Fine Particle Levels, USDOE, viewed 21 July 2014 http://seca.doe.gov/publications/press/2000/tl_scamp.html
  22. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 44
  23. Campbell T1230:13 – T1231:3
  24. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, pp. 23-26
  25. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 75
  26. Lester T1134:19-20; T1138:8-9
  27. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, p. 3
  28. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 41
  29. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, paras. 89-92; Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 3; Exhibit 38 – Statement of Paul Torre, para. 12
  30. United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., Nitrogen Dioxide factsheet, US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 8 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/airtrends/aqtrnd95/no2.html
  31. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, paras. 83-87; Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 3; Exhibit 38 – Statement of Paul Torre, para. 13
  32. United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., Volatile Organic Compounds factsheet, US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 11 July 2014 http://www.epa.gov/iaq/voc2.html
  33. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 93
  34. United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., Ground Level Ozone – Ecosystem Effects factsheet, US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 8 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/airquality/ozonepollution/ecosystem.html
  35. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, paras. 22-39; Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 3; Exhibit 38 – Statement of Paul Torre, para.14
  36. United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons factsheet, US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 8 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/wastemin/minimize/factshts/pahs.pdf
  37. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 3
  38. United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., Dioxins and Furans factsheet, US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 11 July 2014 http://www.epa.gov/pbt/pubs/dioxins.htm
  39. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 3
  40. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 3
  41. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 3
  42. World Health Organisation 2013, Review of evidence of health aspects of air pollution REVIHAAP Project, WHO, Denmark, p. 173. viewed 21 July 2014, http://www.euro.who.int/data/assets/pdf_file/0004/193108/REVIHAAP-Final-technical-report-final-version.pdf
  43. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 95
  44. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 95
  45. Lester T1158:15-18
  46. Exhibit 32 – Statement of John Merritt, para. 59 attachment, EPA Victoria: Compliance and Enforcement Policy (EPA.0001.004.0049), p. 10
  47. Adapted from Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 2
  48. Adapted from Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, table 1b
  49. Exhibit 32 – Statement of John Merritt, para. 68 attachment Victoria Government Gazette, State Environment Protection Policy (Ambient Air Quality) (EPA.0001.006.0469)
  50. United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 8 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/
  51. United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., Particulate Matter (PM) Standards – Table of Historical PM NAAQS, US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 8 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pm/s_pm_history.html
  52. Adapted from United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 8 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/; United States Environmental Protection Agency n.d., Particulate Matter (PM) Standards – Table of Historical PM NAAQS, US EPA, Washington DC, viewed 8 July 2014, http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pm/s_pm_history.html
  53. Exhibit 48 – Expert report of Donald Campbell, para. 50
  54. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, para. 41
  55. Adapted from Fly Ash Australia 2010, Where fly ash comes from, FAA, viewed 21 July 2014, http://www.flyashaustralia.com.au/WhatIsFlyash.aspx
  56. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, para. 42
  57. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, para. 44
  58. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, para. 45
  59. Exhibit 46 – Statement of Rosemary Lester, para. 35
  60. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, para. 49
  61. Exhibit 39 – Expert report of Claire Richardson, para. 48
  62. Exhibit 38 – Statement of Paul Torre, para. 27
  63. Exhibit 56 – Statement of Alan Hall, attachment 29
  64. Adapted from Exhibit 56 – Statement of Alan Hall, attachment 29
  65. Adapted from Exhibit 56 – Statement of Alan Hall, attachment 29
  66. Department of Health 2011, Standardised Mortality Rates for Lung Cancer Gippsland by LGA, DH, Melbourne, viewed 9 July 2014, http://docs.health.vic.gov.au/docs/doc/Standardised-mortality-rates-for-Lung-Cancer-Gippsland-by-LGA-2003-07
  67. Adapted from Department of Health 2011, Standardised Mortality Rates for Lung Cancer Gippsland by LGA, DH, Melbourne, viewed 9 July 2014, http://docs.health.vic.gov.au/docs/doc/Standardised-mortality-rates-for-Lung-Cancer-Gippsland-by-LGA-2003-07
  68. Adapted from Department of Health Victoria 2011, Standardised Mortality Rates for Cardiovascular Disease Gippsland by LGA, DH, Melbourne, viewed 9 July 2014, http://docs.health.vic.gov.au/docs/doc/Standardised-mortality-rates-for-Cardiovascular-Disease-Gippsland-by-LGA-2003-2007
  69. Hamilton T1050:29 – T1051:9
  70. Hamilton T1048:24 – T1049:7
  71. Adapted from Department of Health 2011, Planning for Healthier Gippsland – Key Planning Indicators, DOH, Melbourne, viewed 21 July 2014, http://docs.health.vic.gov.au/docs/doc/3DC7BE765B5977B2CA257876000B9599/$FILE/GS101.pdf; Department of Health 2012, Local Government Area Profiles, Latrobe City, DOH, Melbourne, viewed 21 July 2014, http://docs.health.vic.gov.au/docs/doc/F0BD1A5CDF96FD94CA25786600150EE8/$FILE/Latrobe_2012-v02.pdf
  72. Written submission of Victorian Council Of Social Service, p. 6
  73. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2013, 2011 Census Quickstats Latrobe (c) – Morwell, ABS, Canberra, viewed 9 July 2014, http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/255053814?opendocument&navpos=220
  74. Written submission of Victorian Council Of Social Service, p. 6
  75. Exhibit 56 – Statement of Alan Hall, attachment 29, p. 6
  76. Exhibit 56 – Statement of Alan Hall, attachment 29, p. 6
  77. Exhibit 56 – Statement of Alan Hall, attachment 29, p. 6