The Environment Protection Authority (EPA) is Victoria’s environmental regulator.1 It is a statutory authority established under the Environment Protection Act 1970 (Vic) (Environment Protection Act).2 The EPA’s role is one of both prevention and response relevant to reducing the harmful effects caused to the environment by pollution.3

The EPA provides expert advice to emergency services. The EPA is called on regularly to respond to pollution incidents, such as industrial spills, and natural disasters, such as floods.4 During bushfire season, the EPA provides advice and forecasting on the impacts of bushfire smoke.5

The EPA also monitors compliance with the Environment Protection Act.6 In line with current international regulatory practice, the EPA adopts a ‘risk based’ regulatory approach. This means that it allocates resources where the greatest difference can be made regarding potential harm to the environment and the likelihood of non-compliance.7